The causes of infantigo are Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus beta-hemolytic group A, or a combination of both. Most infections are initiated by Streptococcus infection, but over time will be replaced by Staphylococcus. Bullous impetigo is caused by Staphylococcus aureus type 71 which can produce toxins. This toxin can cause large lumps of fluid in the skin. As much as 20% of bullous impetigo is caused by more resistant antibiotic (methicillin-resistant S. aureus) bacteria. Infection can occur if the bacteria attacks the healthy skin through wounds or insect bites. This type of infection is called primary impetigo. Infection can also occur if the bacteria invade the damaged skin due to other skin diseases, such as scabies, skin inflammation or other skin diseases. Therefore, preceded by other skin diseases, then the process of infection is called secondary impetigo.
Infantigo can heal by itself within 2 weeks without scarring, but drug administration can help reduce discomfort, improve appearance, and prevent the spread of bacteria to prevent complications. Treatment of infantigo can be an antibiotic applied to skin disorders (topical antibiotics), tablet antibiotics, and cleaning fluid (disinfectant).
Keeping infected skin clean is very important. The infected skin needs to be washed with water and soap, or added disinfectant fluids. The main therapy in infantigo is antibiotics, generally, antibiotics applied to the wound. This antibiotic is applied to the infected skin 3 times daily after cleaning for 3-5 days. Before applying antibiotics, scabs can be removed first Side effects of antibiotics are rare and generally mild. Antibiotic tablets are given to patients who cannot tolerate topical antibiotics and should be considered for patients with extensive skin disorders or with severe symptoms. Antibiotic tablets that can be given include Erythromycin, Amoxicillin, and cephalosporin groups for 10 days. You can also visit www.infantigo.net to get more information about the disease.